References and Abbreviations

Baldwin - Joyce Baldwin, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi: An Introduction and Commentary (Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries; Tyndale Press, 1972)

BDAG - Walter Bauer and Frederick William Danker, A Greek‐English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature, (Third Edition; based on previous English editions by W.F. Arndt, F.W. Gingrich, and F.W. Danker; University of Chicago Press, 1957, 1979, 2000)

BDB - Francis Brown, S.R. Driver, and Charles A. Briggs, A Hebrew and English Lexicon of the Old Testament (Clarendon Press, 1907)

DOTHB - Bill T. Arnold and H.G.M. Williamson, Dictionary of the Old Testament Historical Books (InterVarsity Press, 2005)

DOTP - Mark J. Boda and J. Gordon McConville, Dictionary of the Old Testament Prophets (InterVarsity Press, 2012)

ESV - English Standard Version (Crossway, 2001)

Fensham - F. Charles Fensham, The Books of Ezra and Nehemiah (New International Commentary on the Old Testament; Eerdmans, 1982)

Harrison - R.K. Harrison, Introduction to the Old Testament (Eerdmans, 1969)

Holladay - William L. Holladay, A Concise Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament, based on the Lexical work of Ludwig Koehler and Walter Baumgartner (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans / Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1988)

ISBE - Geoffrey W. Bromiley (general editor), The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (Eerdmans, 1979-1988; fully revised from the 1915 edition)

Kidner - Derek Kidner, Ezra and Nehemiah: An Introduction and Commentary (Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries; Tyndale Press, 1979).

Kitchen - K.A. Kitchen, On the Reliability of the Old Testament (Eerdmans, 2003)

KJV - King James Version (Authorized Version, 1611)

Macmillan - Yohann Aharoni and Michael Avi-Yonah (completely revised by Anson F. Rainey and Ze'ev Safrai), The Macmillan Bible Atlas (Third Edition, Macmillan, 1993)

NASB - New American Standard Bible (The Lockman Foundation, 1960-1988)

NIV - New International Version (International Bible Society, 1973, 1978)

NJB - New Jerusalem Bible (Darton, Longman & Todd Ltd, 1985)

NRSV - New Revised Standard Version (Division of Christian Education of the National Council of Churches of Christ, USA, 1989)

Phillips - Richard D. Phillips, Zechariah (Reformed Expository Commentary; P&R Publishing, 2007)

TWOT - R. Laird Harris, Gleason L. Archer, Jr., and Bruce K. Waltke, (editors), Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament, (2 volumes, Moody Press, 1980)

Copyright © 2024, Ralph F. Wilson. <> All rights reserved. A single copy of this article is free. Do not put this on a website. See legal, copyright, and reprint information.

Sign up now!To be notified about future articles, stories, and Bible studies, why don't you subscribe to our free newsletter,The Joyful Heart, by placing your e-mail address in the box below. We respect your privacy and never sell, rent, or loan our lists. Please don't subscribe your friends; let them decide for themselves.
Country(2-letter abbreviation, such as US)
Preferred FormatHTML (recommended) Plain text