Beginning the Journey (for new Christians).
1, 2, and 3 John
1 & 2 Thessalonians
1 & 2 Timothy
2 Peter, Jude
7 Last Words of Christ
Acts 1-12: The Early Church
Christ Powered Life (Rom 5-8)
Conquering Lamb of Revelation
David, Life of
Glorious Kingdom, The
Early Church: Acts1-12
Holy Spirit, Disciple's Guide
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Rebuild & Renew: Post-Exilic Books
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The Art of James the Just
Peter Paul Reubens, 'Saint James the Less' (1610-1612), oil on panel, 107x82.5 cm., Museo Nacional del Prado, Spain
The author of the Letter of James was the lead pastor at the Church of Jerusalem for a couple of decades in the mid-first century. He was Jesus' brother, son of Joseph, known as James the Just or James of Jerusalem. He is sometimes confused with James, son of Alphaeus (Mark 3:18), called James the Lesser to differentiate him from the Apostle James the son of Zebedee. This view was proposed by St. Jerome.
James the Just was martyred about 63 AD. According to Eusebius (Church History 2:23), James the Just, because of his reputation for righteousness, Jewish leaders asked him to stand on the pinnacle of the temple and warn the people against the doctrine that Jesus had been resurrected and would come again. When he did the opposite, they pushed him to the ground, stoned him, and beat him to death with a fuller's club. Josephus (Antiquities 20.9.1) records that he was stoned.
In Christian iconography, St. James the Less often holds something intended to look like a fuller's club (the weapon of his martyrdom). In some paintings the "club" is slimmer and has a wooden board attached at a right angle to the end.
- Peter Paul Reubens, 'Saint James the Less' (1610-1612), oil on panel, 107x82.5 cm., Museo Nacional del Prado, Spain
- St. James the Less, as depicted in the Menologion of Basil II (c. 1000 AD)
- The Martyrdom of St. James, by The Master of the Winkler Epitaph.
- El Greco, Saint James the Less (1609), oil on canvas 39x31 in, Toledo Cathedral, Spain.
Mosaic panel at St. Mark's Cathedral, Venice (12th century) shows the elements of the story of his martydom.
- Statue of Saint James the Minor, Apostle, at the church of the Palace of Mafra, Portugal
- Angelo de Rossi, statue of St. James the Less, Archbasilica of St. John Lateran.
- Saints James the Less and Philip, Cathedral of St. Savior, Oviedo, Spain.
- Orthodox Church in America, Lives of the Saints, Apostle James, the Brother of the Lord
- Orthodox Wiki, Apostle James the Just
Copyright © 2023, Ralph F. Wilson. <pastorjoyfulheart.com> All rights reserved. A single copy of this article is free. Do not put this on a website. See legal, copyright, and reprint information.
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- 28 Advent Scriptures
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- Abraham, Faith of
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- David, Life of
- Early Church: Acts 1-12
- Glorious Kingdom, The
- Grace: Favor for the Undeserving
- Great Prayers of the Bible
- Holy Spirit, Disciple's Guide
- Jacob, Life of
- Jesus and the Kingdom of God
- JesusWalk: Beginning the Journey
- John's Gospel
- Lamb of God
- Listening for God's Voice
- Lord's Supper
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- Moses the Reluctant Leader
- Names and Titles of God
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- Sermon on the Mount
- Seven Last Words of Christ
- Songs of Ascent (Ps 120-134)
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