References and Abbreviations


Walter Bauer and Frederick William Danker, A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature (Third Edition; based on previous English editions by W.F. Arndt, F.W. Gingrich, and F.W. Danker; University of Chicago Press, 1957, 1979, 2000)


The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Geoffrey W. Bromiley (general editor), (Eerdmans, 1979-1988; fully revised from the 1915 edition)


Robert Baker Girdlestone, Synonyms of the Old Testament: Their Bearing on Christian Doctrine (Second edition, 1897; Eerdmans, 1956)


Wayne A. Grudem, Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Biblical Doctrine (Zondervan, 1994, 2000)

Keil and Delitzsch

Carl Friedrich Keil and Franz Delitzsch, Commentary on the Old Testament (German, 1861-1877; translated into English; reprinted by Eerdmans, 1976, 10 volumes)


King James Version (Authorized Version, 1611)


Henry George Liddell. Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (revised and augmented throughout by Sir Henry Stuart Jones with the assistance of Roderick McKenzie; Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1940)


New American Standard Bible (The Lockman Foundation, 1960-1988)


Colin Brown (editor), New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology (Zondervan, 1975-1978; translated with additions and revisions from Theologisches Begriffslexikon zum Neuen Testament, Coenen, Beyreuther, and Bitenhard, editors)


New International Version (Biblia [International Bible Society], 1973, 1978)


New Jerusalem Bible (Darton, Longman & Todd Ltd., 1985)


New King James Version (Thomas Nelson, 1982)


New Living Translation (Tyndale House Foundation, 1996, 2004, 2015)


New Revised Standard Version (Division of Christian Education of the National Council of Churches of Christ, USA, 1989)


Theological Dictionary of the New Testament, Gerhard Kittel and Gerhard Friedrich (editors), Geoffrey W. Bromiley (translator and editor), (Eerdmans, 1964-1976; translated from Theologisches Wörterbuch zum Neuen Testament, ten volume edition)

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