References and Abbreviations


C.K. Barrett, The Gospel According to St. John (Second Edition; Westminster, 1978)


A Greek‐English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature, by Walter Bauer and Frederick William Danker, (Third Edition; based on previous English editions by W.F. Arndt, F.W. Gingrich, and F.W. Danker; University of Chicago Press, 1957, 1979, 2000)


George R. Beasley-Murray, John (Word Biblical Commentary 36; Word, 1987)


Raymond E. Brown, The Gospel According to John (Anchor Bible; Doubleday; Part 1, John I-XII, 1966; Part 2, John XIII-XXII,


D. A. Carson, The Gospel According to John (Pillar New Testament Commentary; Eerdmans, 1991)


Joel B. Green, Scot McKnight, and I. Howard Marshall, Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels (InterVarsity Press, 1992)


English Standard Version (Crossway, 2001)

Grudem, Systematic Theology

Wayne Grudem, Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Biblical Doctrine (Zondervan, 1994, 2000)


Geoffrey W. Bromiley (general editor), The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (Eerdmans, 1979-1988; fully revised from the 1915 edition)

Jesus & Archaeology

James H. Charlesworth (editor), Jesus and Archaeology (Eerdmans, 2006)


King James Version  (Authorized Version, 1611)


Colin G. Kruse, John (Tyndale New Testament Commentaries; Eerdmans, 2003)


George Eldon Ladd, A Theology of the New Testament (Eerdmans, 1974), especially his section on “The Fourth Gospel,” pp. 213-308


Henry George Liddell. Robert Scott, A Greek‐English Lexicon (revised and augmented throughout by Sir Henry Stuart Jones with the assistance of. Roderick McKenzie; Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1940, Perseus Project online edition)


Bruce M. Metzger, A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament (United Bible Societies, 1971)

Morris, John

Leon Morris, The Gospel According to John (New International Commentary of the New Testament; Eerdmans, 1971)

Morris, Studies

Leon Morris, Studies in the Fourth Gospel (Eerdmans, 1969)

Morris, Theology

Leon Morris, Gospel of Life: Theology in the Fourth Gospel (Hendrickson, 1991)


New American Standard Bible (The Lockman Foundation, 1960-1988)


New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology, Colin Brown (editor; Zondervan, 1975‐1978; translated with additions and revisions from Theologisches Begriffslexikon zum Neuen Testament, Coenen, Beyreuther, and Bitenhard, editors)


New International Version (International Bible Society, 1973, 1978)


New Jerusalem Bible (Darton, Longman & Todd Ltd, 1985)


New Revised Standard Version  (Division of Christian Education of the National Council of Churches of Christ, USA, 1989)


Archibald Thomas Robertson, Word Pictures in the New Testament (Sunday School Board of the Southern Baptist Convention, 1932, 1960)

Strack and Billerbeck

Hermann L. Strack and Paul Billerbeck, Kommentar zum Neuen Testament aus Talmud und Midrasch (München: Beck, 1922)


Gerhard Kittel and Gerhard Friedrich (editors), Geoffrey W. Bromiley (translator and editor), Theological Dictionary of the New Testament (Eerdmans, 1964-1976; translated from Theologisches Wörterbuch zum Neuen Testament, ten volume edition)


Marianne Meye Thompson, “John, Gospel of,” in DJG, pp. 368-383

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