Appendix 3. Messianic Prophecies in Isaiah


Though interpreters may vary on whether certain passages are messianic or not, these are the ones I see. I think that a passage must meet one of these three criteria to be considered messianic.

  1. Messianic Title. The passage may include a reference to the throne of David, son of David, etc., or used the idea of anointing (Hebrew māshîaḥ, from which we transliterate to get our word "Messiah."
  2. Single Personage. A single person who exerts superhuman powers or influence for God's kingdom.
  3. NT Quotation. A passage which is quoted in the New Testament as messianic or which speaks of the Age of the Messiah.

4:2-6

Speaks of "the Branch of the Lord," a messianic title used elsewhere (Isaiah 11:1; Jeremiah 33:15; Zechariah 6:23). The gathering, too, is the act of the Messiah (11:12).

6:13b

Refers to the "holy seed," which in light of Isaiah's focus in the shoot out of Jesse's stump in 11:1 probably refers to the Messiah.

7:14

Virgin shall conceive and bear a son named Immanuel. It probably has a short-term AND long-term fulfillment.

9:1-7

Light comes to Galilee area. To us a Child is born and is given titles that transcend mere mortals.

11:1-12

Root of Jesse will deliver Israel; God's Spirit is upon him.

16:5

Refers to one sitting on David's throne bringing justice.

24:1-2

The New Testament refers to these armies of heaven that will be overcome by the Messiah (Revelation 17:14; 19:19), as well as the imprisonment of fallen angels awaiting the final judgment.

28:16-17

Refers to the precious, tested cornerstone that God will lay, a reference to the Messiah (1 Peter 2:6-8; 1 Corinthians 3:11; Ephesians 2:20; Romans 9:32-33; 10:11).

32:1

40:3-11

42:1-4

Servant of the Lord with God's Spirit upon him will bring justice, is the hope of the nations.

50:4-9

Steadfast Person who is persecuted, mocked, and accused but innocent.

52:12-53:12

Suffering Servant passage, where the servant takes on himself the sins of all mankind. Clearly referenced to the Messiah in the NT.

55:1-5

Deliverer of the people.

56:8

Here God will gather both Jews and others, a function of the Messiah.

61:1-3

Jesus declared the fulfillment of the Messianic passage in himself at Nazareth (Luke 4).

65:25

Refers to the Peace of the Messiah recalling the imagery of chapter 11.

66:22-24

Everlasting kingdom which refers to the Messiah elsewhere.


Copyright © 2020, Ralph F. Wilson. <pastor@joyfulheart.com> All rights reserved. A single copy of this article is free. Do not put this on a website. See legal, copyright, and reprint information.

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