References and Abbreviations


Baldwin - Joyce Baldwin, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi: An Introduction and Commentary (Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries; Tyndale Press, 1972)

BDAG - Walter Bauer and Frederick William Danker, A Greek‐English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature, (Third Edition; based on previous English editions by W.F. Arndt, F.W. Gingrich, and F.W. Danker; University of Chicago Press, 1957, 1979, 2000)

BDB - Francis Brown, S.R. Driver, and Charles A. Briggs, A Hebrew and English Lexicon of the Old Testament (Clarendon Press, 1907)

DOTHB - Bill T. Arnold and H.G.M. Williamson, Dictionary of the Old Testament Historical Books (InterVarsity Press, 2005)

DOTP - Mark J. Boda and J. Gordon McConville, Dictionary of the Old Testament Prophets (InterVarsity Press, 2012)

ESV - English Standard Version (Crossway, 2001)

Fensham - F. Charles Fensham, The Books of Ezra and Nehemiah (New International Commentary on the Old Testament; Eerdmans, 1982)

Harrison - R.K. Harrison, Introduction to the Old Testament (Eerdmans, 1969)

Holladay - William L. Holladay, A Concise Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament, based on the Lexical work of Ludwig Koehler and Walter Baumgartner (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans / Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1988)

ISBE - Geoffrey W. Bromiley (general editor), The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (Eerdmans, 1979-1988; fully revised from the 1915 edition)

Kidner - Derek Kidner, Ezra and Nehemiah: An Introduction and Commentary (Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries; Tyndale Press, 1979).

Kitchen - K.A. Kitchen, On the Reliability of the Old Testament (Eerdmans, 2003)

KJV - King James Version (Authorized Version, 1611)

Macmillan - Yohann Aharoni and Michael Avi-Yonah (completely revised by Anson F. Rainey and Ze'ev Safrai), The Macmillan Bible Atlas (Third Edition, Macmillan, 1993)

NASB - New American Standard Bible (The Lockman Foundation, 1960-1988)

NIV - New International Version (International Bible Society, 1973, 1978)

NJB - New Jerusalem Bible (Darton, Longman & Todd Ltd, 1985)

NRSV - New Revised Standard Version (Division of Christian Education of the National Council of Churches of Christ, USA, 1989)

Phillips - Richard D. Phillips, Zechariah (Reformed Expository Commentary; P&R Publishing, 2007)

TWOT - R. Laird Harris, Gleason L. Archer, Jr., and Bruce K. Waltke, (editors), Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament, (2 volumes, Moody Press, 1980)


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