Lamb of God: Jesus' Atonement for Sins
Table of Contents

Preface

3

Copy Pricing Policy

5

Table of Contents

6

Abbreviations and References

9

1. Behold, the Lamb of God: Basic Concepts of Sacrifice (John 1:29)

12

 

John the Baptist's Prophetic Insight

13

 

Ancient Animal Sacrifice

15

 

Holiness, Anger, and Justice

16

 

The Repulsiveness of Animal Sacrifice

17

 

Atonement

17

 

Basic Elements of Sacrifice for Sin

18

 

Forgiveness and Grace of God

20

 

Behold, the Lamb of God

21

2. The Lamb Who Took Our Place (Isaiah 53)

23

 

Universal Atonement

23

 

Jesus Saw His Ministry as a Fulfillment of Isaiah 53

25

 

1. The Servant Is a Substitute Who Bears Our Sin

27

 

2. The Servant Is a Substitute Who Bears Our Punishment

30

 

3. The Servant Acts Willingly

33

 

4. The Servant Acts as a Priest

34

 

5. The Servant Is Exalted by God

35

3. The Lamb Who Redeems Us from Slavery (1 Peter 1:18-19)

39

 

Slavery in the Ancient World

39

 

The Old Testament Kinsman-Redeemer

40

 

Redeemed by the Lamb (1 Peter 1:18-19)

42

 

A Ransom for Many (Mark 10:44-45)

44

 

Bought at a Price (1 Corinthians 6:19-20)

44

 

Elements of the Slave Ransom Analogy

46

 

Who or What Enslaves Us?

47

 

Satan Is Defeated, Not Paid Off

48

 

Atonement for Our Sins

50

4. The Passover Lamb of Whom We Partake (1 Corinthians 5:7)

52

 

The Plague on the Firstborn

52

 

The Sacrifice of the Passover Lamb

54

 

The Last Supper as a Passover Meal

55

 

Bread and Wine in Light of the Passover Lamb

58

 

Words of Institution Contain Explicit Sacrificial Terms (Matthew 26:26-28)

59

5. The Triumphant Lamb We Worship (Revelation 5:1-14)

63

 

An Introduction to the Book of Revelation

63

 

The Scroll with Seven Seals (5:1-4)

64

 

The Lion Who Is the Lamb (5:5)

65

 

The Slain Lamb Standing (5:6)

66

 

Worshiping the Lamb Who Is Worthy (5:7-8)

69

 

A Song of Redemption (5:9-10)

70

 

A Song of Praise (5:11-12)

72

 

A Song to the Divine Lamb (5:13-14)

72

Appendix 1. Theories of the Atonement

76

Appendix 2. Classic Protestant Liberalism and the Atonement: A Plea for Reconsideration

79

 

Characteristics of Classic Protestant Liberalism

79

 

A Liberal Approach to the Atonement

80

 

A Dishonest and Demeaning Caricature

81

 

The Downside of Classic Liberalism

82

 

The Jesus Seminar Fallacy

83

 

Revulsion at Animal Sacrifice

83

 

A Plea for Reconsideration

84

Appendix 3. Quotations, References and Allusions in the New Testament to Isaiah 53 and other Servant Songs

86

Appendix 4. Boys' Philosophies, C.S. Lewis

92

Appendix 5: Participant Notes

94

 

1. Behold, the Lamb of God Basic Concepts of Sacrifice (John 1:29)

96

 

2. The Lamb Who Took Our Place (Isaiah 53)

99

 

3. The Lamb Who Redeems Us from Slavery (1 Pet 1:18-19)

103

 

4. The Passover Lamb of Whom We Partake (1 Cor 5:7)

107

 

5. The Triumphant Lamb We Worship (Revelation 5:1-14)

111

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