Names and Titles of God
Detailed Table of Contents

Introduction to the Names and Titles of God

6

 

Why Study the Names and Titles of God?

6

 

What Is a Title of God?

7

 

The Documentary Hypothesis

8

 

Features of This Study

9

Table of Contents

11

References and Abbreviations

17

 

Reprint Guidelines

19

 

Online Bible Study Forum

20

1. God Most High (`El `Elyon), the Exalted God

21

 

Moon Worship in Ur and Haran

21

 

Abraham`s Religion

22

 

`El and `Elohim

22

 

Abraham and Melchizedek Worship the Most High God (`El `Elyon)

23

 

The Most High God (`El `Elyon)

25

 

Supremacy and Monotheism

25

 

Most High in the Bible

26

 

Concepts that Underlie the Most High God

27

 

High and Lofty One

28

 

The Shekinah Glory of God

29

 

My Glory

30

 

The King of Glory

31

 

The Exalted God

32

2. The God of Might (`El Shaddai)

34

 

`El Shaddai

34

 

Meaning and Etymology of Shaddai (shadday)

34

 

God Appears as `El Shaddai to Abraham and Jacob

35

 

LORD of Hosts (Yahweh-Sabaoth)

36

 

Commander of the Army of Yahweh (Joshua 5:13-6:2)

36

 

The LORD of Hosts

38

 

An Era with Few Military Heroes

39

 

The LORD 's Army around Elisha at Dothan (2 Kings 6:13-17)

40

 

The Host of Heaven at Jesus' Death (Matthew 26:53)

40

 

Mighty Warrior

41

 

Mighty One of Jacob

43

 

God My Strength

43

 

The LORD our Banner (Yahweh-nissi, Exodus 17:9-16)

43

 

Application

45

 

The Battle is the LORD's

45

 

Christian Response to the Mighty Warrior

46

3. Yahweh, I AM, the Eternal God (`El `Olam)

50

 

Moses the Shepherd (3:1)

50

 

The Burning Bush (3:2-3)

51

 

God`s Mission for Moses (3:11-12)

51

 

Request for God`s Name (3:13)

52

 

I AM THAT I AM (Exodus 3:14)

52

 

Yahweh, God`s Personal Name (Exodus 3:15)

53

 

The Pronunciation of the Divine Name, Yahweh vs. LORD

54

 

Yahweh's Name as Part of Personal Names

55

 

When Was the Name Yahweh First Used?

56

 

The Everlasting, Eternal God (`El `Olam)

57

 

The Ancient of Days (Daniel 7:9, 13, 22)

59

 

The First and the Last

60

 

The One Who Lives for Ever

61

 

The Living God

61

 

Excursus: Correct Spelling and Pronunciation of Yahweh vs. Jehovah

65

4. God Our Creator

69

 

The One and Only God (Isaiah 45:5-6)

70

 

The Creator of Weal and Woe (Isaiah 45:7)

71

 

Why Does God Allow Evil?

71

 

Creator of Salvation and Righteousness (Isaiah 45:8)

72

 

The Potter, the Clay, and the Potsherd (Isaiah 45:9)

72

 

Potters in the Ancient Near East

73

 

Complaining Against the Potter (Isaiah 45:9-12)

73

 

Clay and Dust -- Man's Lot

75

 

The Great Craftsman Forms Man from the Sod (Genesis 2:7)

75

 

Creator

76

 

Architect and Builder

77

 

Maker

78

 

A Psalm of Creation and Praise (Psalm 95)

79

 

God of Heaven

80

 

Other Creation Titles and Metaphors

81

 

Creator of the Ends of the Earth (Isaiah 40:12-15, 21-31)

81

5. The Holy and Righteous One

87

 

Isaiah 6:1-8

87

 

A Vision of the LORD on His Throne (Isaiah 6:1-2)

88

 

Holy Is the LORD of Hosts (Isaiah 6:3-4)

88

 

Isaiah's Awareness of Unholiness (Isaiah 6:5-7)

89

 

Isaiah's Surrender to the LORD (Isaiah 6:8)

90

 

The Holy One of Israel

90

 

Holiness vs. Righteousness

91

 

The Righteous One (TsaddÓq)

92

 

The Upright One

93

 

The LORD our Righteousness (Yahweh-Tsidkenu)

94

 

The LORD Who Sanctifies You (Yahweh-M'Kaddesh)

94

 

Yahweh Our Lawgiver

95

 

Yahweh Our Judge

95

 

Protector of Widows, Helper of the Fatherless

96

 

Vengeance and Justice

97

 

Justice vs. Mercy

98

 

God Our Avenger

98

 

The Awe-Inspiring God

99

 

God Is Light and Glory

100

6. God Our LORD and King

104

 

God Our King (melek)

104

 

The Suzerain-Vassal Treaty at Sinai

105

 

Ark as Throne and Tabernacle as Palace

105

 

Tribute and Tithes for the King

107

 

God Our King in Praise and Prophecy

108

 

Appointing a King to Rule for Yahweh (1 Samuel 8)

109

 

Democracy and the Concept of King

109

 

The King, Yahweh of Hosts

110

 

King of Kings

110

 

The LORD (`Adonay)

111

 

LORD in the New Testament (kyrios)

112

 

The Kingdom of God is at Hand

113

 

Ruler, Sovereign, Potentate, Prince, Majesty on High

113

 

Living as Subjects of the King

115

7. God our Fortress and Protector

119

 

God Our Refuge and Fortress

119

 

God Is our Rock, our Shade, and our Hiding Place

121

 

God our Shield and Buckler

123

 

A Psalm of God`s Protection (Psalm 91)

123

 

A Hiding Place and Shade (Psalm 91:1a)

123

 

God our Shade (Psalm 91:1b)

124

 

My Refuge and Fortress (Psalm 91:2)

124

 

Refuge under His Wings (Psalm 91:3-4)

125

 

You Will Not Fear (Psalm 91:5-8)

125

 

Our Refuge and Dwelling Place (Psalm 91:9-10)

126

 

Protection and Salvation (Psalm 91:13-16)

126

 

God our Shield

127

 

God our Strength

128

 

God our Rock

129

 

God our Keeper

132

 

Needing a Crutch

133

 

Our Final Bastion -- Eternal Life

133

8. The LORD Our Provider and Shepherd

137

 

God Tests Abraham on Mt. Moriah (Genesis 22:1-14)

137

 

The LORD Will Provide (Yahweh-yir'eh, Genesis 22:13-14)

138

 

The Analogy of the Shepherd

140

 

God our Shepherd

141

 

The LORD our Shepherd (Yahweh-rohi, Psalm 23)

141

 

The Gracious Host (Psalm 23:5)

144

 

Eternal Life (Psalm 23:6)

144

 

God of Seeing (El-roi)

145

 

The LORD Your Healer (Yahweh-rapha)

146

 

God our Light and Sun

146

 

Other Provider Metaphors for God

147

 

The LORD is my Portion

147

 

The LORD my Helper

148

 

Hope of Israel

149

 

The Spring of Living Water

149

9. Abba, Father

153

 

The Role of Father in Bible Times

153

 

God as Father in the Old Testament

154

 

Our Heavenly Father

155

 

Intimacy with Abba Father

156

 

Reclaiming God as Your 'Abba'

157

 

Jesus' Teaching about the Father

158

 

God the Father in the Epistles

159

 

The God and Father of our LORD Jesus Christ

160

 

The Trinity in the New Testament

161

 

The Father and His Children

161

 

Miscellaneous References to God as Father

162

 

God our Husband

162

 

The Jealous God

163

 

Christian Feminism and God the Father

164

 

Feminine Metaphors for God

165

 

God of Your Fathers

166

 

God of Israel

167

 

The Godhead, the Deity

167

 

Friends of God

168

10. The God of All Grace

171

 

A Second Set of Ten Commandments Tablets (Exodus 34:1-4)

171

 

The Compassionate and Gracious, Rich in Love and Faithfulness (Exodus 34:5-6)

172

 

Forgiving Wickedness, Rebellion and Sin (Exodus 34:7a)

173

 

Not Clearing the Guilty (Exodus 34:7b)

174

 

Faithful God

175

 

Forgiving God

177

 

Loving God

178

 

Gracious God

179

 

The God of all Grace

179

 

God of Hope and Encouragement

180

11. God Our Savior and Redeemer

183

 

My Deliverer

183

 

The Kinsman-Redeemer

184

 

Boaz the Kinsman-Redeemer

184

 

Redemption from Egypt and Babylon

185

 

Jesus Our Ransom and Redeemer

185

 

God Our Savior in the Old Testament

186

 

God Our Savior in the New Testament

188

 

The Rock and Horn of My Salvation

189

 

The LORD Is Peace

189

 

The God of Shalom

190

 

The Prince of Peace

191

 

The God of Peace

192

Appendix 1. List of the Names and Titles of God

196

Appendix 2: Participant Handouts

200

Index

222

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